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Contention-Based Forwarding for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks

Füßler, H.; Widmer, J.; Käsemann, M.; Mauve, M.; Hartenstein, Hannes

Existing position-based unicast routing algorithms which forward packets in the geographic
direction of the destination require that the forwarding node knows the positions of all
neighbors in its transmission range. This information on direct neighbors is gained by observing
beacon messages each node sends out periodically. Due to mobility, the information that a
node receives about its neighbors becomes outdated, leading either to a significant decrease
in the packet delivery rate or to a steep increase in load on the wireless channel as node
mobility increases. In this paper, we propose a mechanism to perform position-based unicast
forwarding without the help of beacons. In our contention-based forwarding scheme (CBF) the
next hop is selected through a distributed contention process based on the actual positions
of all current neighbors. For the contention process, CBF makes use of biased timers. To
avoid packet duplication, the first node that is selected suppresses the selection of further
nodes. We propose three suppression strategies which vary with respect to forwarding
efficiency and suppression characteristics. ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Telematik (TM)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2003
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1570-8705, 1570-8713
KITopen-ID: 1000004149
Erschienen in Ad hoc Networks
Verlag Elsevier
Band 1
Heft 4
Seiten 351-369
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