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Flow-Sensitive, Context-Sensitive, and Object-sensitive Information Flow Control Based on Program Dependence Graphs

Hammer, Christian; Snelting, Gregor

Abstract:
Information flow control (IFC) checks whether a program can leak secret data to public ports, or whether critical computations can be influenced from outside. But many IFC analyses are imprecise, as they are flow-insensitive, context-insensitive, or object-insensitive; resulting in false alarms.
We argue that IFC must better exploit modern program analysis technology, and present an approach based on program dependence graphs (PDG). PDGs have been developed over the last 20 years as a standard device to represent information flow in a program, and today can handle realistic programs. In particular, our dependence graph generator for full Java bytecode is used as the basis for an IFC implementation which is more precise and needs less annotations than traditional approaches.
We explain PDGs for sequential and multi-threaded programs, and explain precision gains due to flow-, context-, and object-sensitivity. We then augment PDGs with a lattice of security levels and introduce the flow equations for IFC. We describe algorithms for flow computation in detail and prove their correctness. We then extend flow equations to handle declassification, and prove that our algorithm respects monotonicity of release. ... mehr



Scopus
Zitationen: 117
Web of Science
Zitationen: 77
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Programmstrukturen und Datenorganisation (IPD)
Kompetenzzentrum für angewandte Sicherheitstechnologie (KASTEL)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2009
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1615-5262, 1615-5270
KITopen-ID: 1000017617
Erschienen in International journal of information security
Band 8
Heft 6
Seiten 399-422
Projektinformation KASTEL I (BMBF, 01BY1172 / 16BY1172)
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Supersedes ISSSE and ISoLA 2006
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
Scopus
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