KIT | KIT-Bibliothek | Impressum | Datenschutz

A new method to detect long term trends of methane (CH₄) and nitrous oxide (N₂O) total columns measured within the NDACC ground-based high resolution solar FTIR network

Angelbratt, J.; Mellqvist, J.; Blumenstock, T. ORCID iD icon 1; Borsdorff, T. 1; Brohede, S.; Duchatelet, P.; Forster, F. 1; Hase, F. 1; Mahieu, E.; Murtagh, D.; Petersen, A. K.; Schneider, M. 1; Sussmann, R. 1; Urban, J.
1 Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Total columns measured with the ground-based solar FTIR technique are highly variable in time due to atmospheric chemistry and dynamics in the atmosphere above the measurement station. In this paper, a multiple regression model with anomalies of air pressure, total columns of hydrogen fluoride (HF) and carbon monoxide (CO) and tropopause height are used to reduce the variability in the methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) total columns to estimate reliable linear trends with as small uncertainties as possible. The method is developed at the Harestua station (60°N, 11°E, 600ma.s.l.) and used on three other European FTIR stations, i.e. Jungfraujoch (47°N, 8°E, 3600ma.s.l.), Zugspitze (47°N, 11°E, 3000ma.s.l.), and Kiruna (68°N, 20°E, 400ma.s.l.). Linear CH4 trends between 0.13±0.01-0.25±0.02%yr−1 were estimated for all stations in the 1996-2009 period. A piecewise model with three separate linear trends, connected at change points, was used to estimate the short term fluctuations in the CH4 total columns. This model shows a growth in 1996–1999 followed by a period of steady state until 2007. From 2007 until 2009 the atmospheric CH4 amount increases between 0.57±0.22–1.15±0.17%yr−1. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000039021
Veröffentlicht am 09.03.2018
DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-6167-2011
Zitationen: 39
Zitationen: 40
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF)
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU)
Fakultät für Maschinenbau – Institut für Keramik im Maschinenbau (IKM)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2011
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1867-1381
KITopen-ID: 1000039021
HGF-Programm 12.03.01 (POF II, LK 01) Atmosphärische Variabilität und Trends
Erschienen in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Verlag Copernicus Publications
Band 11
Heft 3
Seiten 6167-6183
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
KITopen Landing Page