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A regional simulation and optimisation of renewable energy supply from wind and photovoltaics with respect to three key energy-political objectives

Killinger, Sven; Mainzer, Kai; McKenna, Russell; Kreifels, Niklas; Fichtner, Wolf ORCID iD icon


Currently, most photovoltaic (PV) modules are aligned in a way that maximizes the overall annual yields, which leads to significant peaks in electricity production and could threaten energy policy objectives such as security of supply as well as environmental sustainability. The exploitation of remaining PV potentials at seemingly economically sub-optimal inclinations and azimuth angles could partly counteract this trend by achieving significant temporal shifts in the electricity production. This paper addresses the potential of these counter-measures by evaluating the optimal mix of wind and PV installations with different inclination and azimuth angles in a regional context. It does so by adhering to three distinctive energy policy goals: economic efficiency, sustainability and security of supply. It is further assumed that the examined regions aim for energetic autarky.
The hourly yields of wind parks and PV installations with different mounting configurations are simulated for four representative NUTS3-regions in Germany, based on assumed installed capacities and specific weather conditions. These profiles are combined with standardized regional electricity demand profiles and fed into an optimization model, which is employed to maximise each of the three energy policy goals independently. ... mehr

Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000041755
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Industriebetriebslehre und Industrielle Produktion (IIP)
Publikationstyp Forschungsbericht/Preprint
Publikationsjahr 2014
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2196-7296
KITopen-ID: 1000041755
Verlag Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Serie Working Paper Series in Production and Energy ; 4
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
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