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A comprehensive parameterization of heterogeneous ice nucleation of dust surrogate: laboratory study with hematite particles and its application to atmospheric models

Hiranuma, N. 1; Paukert, M. 1; Steinke, I. 1; Zhang, K.; Kulkarni, G.; Hoose, C. ORCID iD icon 1; Schnaiter, M. ORCID iD icon 1; Saathoff, H. ORCID iD icon 1; Möhler, O. 1
1 Aerosolforschung (IMKAAF), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


A new heterogeneous ice nucleation parameterization that covers a wide temperature range (-36 to -78 °C) is presented. Developing and testing such an ice nucleation parameterization, which is constrained through identical experimental conditions, is important to accurately simulate the ice nucleation processes in cirrus clouds. The ice nucleation active surface-site density (ns) of hematite particles, used as a proxy for atmospheric dust particles, were derived from AIDA (Aerosol Interaction and Dynamics in the Atmosphere) cloud chamber measurements under water subsaturated conditions. These conditions were achieved by continuously changing the temperature (T) and relative humidity with respect to ice (RHice) in the chamber. Our measurements showed several different pathways to nucleate ice depending on T and RHice conditions. For instance, almost T-independent freezing was observed at -60 °C < T < -50 °C, where RHice explicitly controlled ice nucleation efficiency, while both T and RHice played roles in other two T regimes: -78 °C < T < -60 °C and -50 °C < T < -36 °C. More specifically, observations at T lower than -60 °C revealed that higher RHice was necessary to maintain a constant ns, whereas T may have played a significant role in ice nucleation at T higher than -50 °C. ... mehr

Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000045985
DOI: 10.5194/acp-14-13145-2014
Zitationen: 18
Zitationen: 18
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Aerosolforschung (IMKAAF)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2014
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1680-7316, 1680-7324
KITopen-ID: 1000045985
HGF-Programm 12.01.01 (POF II, LK 01) Innovative Beobacht.u. ihre Anwendungen
Erschienen in Atmospheric chemistry and physics
Verlag European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Band 14
Heft 23
Seiten 13145-13158
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Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
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