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Surfactants tailored by the class Actinobacteria

Kügler, J. H.; Le Roes-Hill, M.; Syldatk, C.; Hausmann, R.

Globally the change towards the establishment of a bio-based economy has resulted in an increased need for bio-based applications. This, in turn, has served as a driving force for the discovery and application of novel biosurfactants. The class Actinobacteria represents a vast group of microorganisms with the ability to produce a diverse range of secondary metabolites, including surfactants. Understanding the extensive nature of the biosurfactants produced by actinobacterial strains can assist in finding novel biosurfactants with new potential applications. This review therefore presents a comprehensive overview of the knowledge available on actinobacterial surfactants, the chemical structures that have been completely or partly elucidated, as well as the identity of the biosurfactant-producing strains. Producer strains of not yet elucidated compounds are discussed, as well as the original habitats of all the producer strains, which seems to indicate that biosurfactant production is environmentally driven. Methodology applied in the isolation, purification and structural elucidation of the different types of surface active compounds ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Bio- und Lebensmitteltechnik (BLT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00212
ISSN: 1664-302X
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-469557
KITopen ID: 1000046955
Erschienen in Frontiers in Microbiology
Band 6
Heft 212
Seiten 1-23
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Schlagworte biosurfactant, emulsifier, glycolipid, lipopeptide, trehalose lipid, Rhodococcus, rhamnolipid
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