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Waveguide integrated superconducting single-photon detectors with high internal quantum efficiency at telecom wavelengths

Kahl, O. 1; Ferrari, S. 1; Kovalyuk, V. 1; Goltsman, G. N.; Korneev, A.; Pernice, W. H. P. 1
1 Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) provide high efficiency for detecting individual photons while keeping dark counts and timing jitter minimal. Besides superior detection performance over a broad optical bandwidth, compatibility with an integrated optical platform is a crucial requirement for applications in emerging quantum photonic technologies. Here we present SNSPDs embedded in nanophotonic integrated circuits which achieve internal quantum efficiencies close to unity at 1550 nm wavelength. This allows for the SNSPDs to be operated at bias currents far below the critical current where unwanted dark count events reach milli-Hz levels while on-chip detection efficiencies above 70% are maintained. The measured dark count rates correspond to noise-equivalent powers in the 10-19 W/Hz-1/2 range and the timing jitter is as low as 35 ps. Our detectors are fully scalable and interface directly with waveguide-based optical platforms.

Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000048030
DOI: 10.1038/srep10941
Zitationen: 84
Web of Science
Zitationen: 72
Zitationen: 92
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Universität Karlsruhe (TH) – Interfakultative Einrichtungen (Interfakultative Einrichtungen)
Karlsruhe School of Optics & Photonics (KSOP)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2045-2322
KITopen-ID: 1000048030
HGF-Programm 43.23.01 (POF III, LK 01) Advanced Optical Lithography+Microscopy
Erschienen in Scientific Reports
Verlag Nature Research
Band 5
Seiten 10941
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Schlagwörter Imaging and sensing, Single photons and quantum effects, Superconducting devices
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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