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Verlagsausgabe
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000049255
Veröffentlicht am 09.05.2018
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.5194/acp-14-12725-2014
Scopus
Zitationen: 22
Web of Science
Zitationen: 19

Trends in peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere over southern Asia during the summer monsoon season: Regional impacts

Fadnavis, S.; Schultz, M.G.; Semeniuk, K.; Mahajan, A.S.; Pozzoli, L.; Sonbawne, S.; Ghude, S.D.; Kiefer, M.; Eckert, E.

Abstract:
We analyze temporal trends of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) retrievals from the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) during 2002– 2011 in the altitude range 8–23 km over the Asian summer monsoon (ASM) region. The greatest enhancements of PAN mixing ratios in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS) are seen during the summer monsoon season from June to September. During the monsoon season, the mole fractions of PAN show statistically significant (at 2σ) positive trends from 0.2 ±0.05 to 4.6 ±3.1 ppt yr$^{-1}$ (except between 12 and 14 km) which is higher than the annual mean trends of 0.1±0.05 to 2.7±0.8 ppt yr$^{-1}$. These rising concentrations point to increasing NOx (=NO+NO2) and volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from developing nations in Asia, notably India and China. We analyze the influence of monsoon convection on the distribution of PAN in UTLS with simulations using the global chemistry–climate model ECHAM5-HAMMOZ. During the monsoon, transport into the UTLS over the Asian region primarily occurs from two convective zones, one the South China Sea and the other over the southern ... mehr


Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Fakultät für Physik (PHYSIK)
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2014
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1680-7316, 1680-7324
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-492552
KITopen ID: 1000049255
HGF-Programm 12.04.05; LK 01
Erschienen in Atmospheric chemistry and physics
Band 14
Heft 23
Seiten 12725-12743
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