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The DACCIWA Project: Dynamics–Aerosol–Chemistry–Cloud Interactions in West Africa

Knippertz, P. ORCID iD icon 1; Coe, H.; Chiu, J. C.; Evans, M. J.; Fink, A. H. 1; Kalthoff, N. 1; Liousse, C.; Mari, C.; Allan, R. P.; Brooks, B.; Danour, S.; Flamant, C.; Jegede, O. O.; Lohou, F.; Marsham, J. H.
1 Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung (IMK), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract:
Massive economic and population growth, and urbanization are expected to lead to a tripling of anthropogenic emissions in southern West Africa (SWA) between 2000 and 2030. However, the impacts of this on human health, ecosystems, food security, and the regional climate are largely unknown. An integrated assessment is challenging due to (a) a superposition of regional effects with global climate change; (b) a strong dependence on the variable West African monsoon; (c) incomplete scientific understanding of interactions between emissions, clouds, radiation, precipitation, and regional circulations; and (d) a lack of observations. This article provides an overview of the DACCIWA (Dynamics–Aerosol–Chemistry–Cloud Interactions in West Africa) project. DACCIWA will conduct extensive fieldwork in SWA to collect high-quality observations, spanning the entire process chain from surface-based natural and anthropogenic emissions to impacts on health, ecosystems, and climate. Combining the resulting benchmark dataset with a wide range of modeling activities will allow (a) assessment of relevant physical, chemical, and biological processes; (b) improvement of the monitoring of climate and atmospheric composition from space; and (c) development of the next generation of weather and climate models capable of representing coupled cloud–aerosol interactions. ... mehr


Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000049909
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00108.1
Scopus
Zitationen: 62
Web of Science
Zitationen: 58
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Zitationen: 79
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Forschungsbereich Troposphäre (IMK-TRO)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0003-0007, 1520-0477
urn:nbn:de:swb:90-499091
KITopen-ID: 1000049909
HGF-Programm 12.01.02 (POF III, LK 01) Proc.res.f.multisc.predictab.of weather
Erschienen in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Verlag American Meteorological Society
Band 96
Seiten 1451-1460
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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