In the present work, the pyrolysis of acetylene was studied under steel vacuumcarburizing conditions in a tubular flow reactor. The pyrolysis temperature ranged from 650 °C to 1050 °C. The partial pressure of acetylene in the feed mixture was 10 and 20 mbar, respectively, while the rest of the mixture consisted of nitrogen. The total pressure of the mixture was 1.6 bar. A kinetic mechanism which consists of seven species and nine reactions has been used in the commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software Fluent. The species transport and reaction model of Fluent was used in the simulations. A comparison of simulated and experimental results is presented in this paper.