Simultaneous ¹⁹F-¹H medium resolution NMR spectroscopy for online reaction monitoring
Medium resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (MR-NMR) spectroscopy is currently a fast developing field, which has an enormous potential to become an important analytical tool for reaction monitoring, in hyphenated techniques, and for systematic investigations of complex mixtures. The recent developments of innovative MR-NMR spectrometers are therefore remarkable due to their possible applications in quality control, education, and process monitoring. MR-NMR spectroscopy can beneficially be applied for fast, non-invasive, and volume integrating analyses under rough environmental conditions.
Within this study, a simple 1/16 '' fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP) tube with an ID of 0.04 '' (1.02 mm) was used as a flow cell in combination with a 5 mm glass Dewar tube inserted into a benchtop MR-NMR spectrometer with a H-1 Larmor frequency of 43.32 MHz and 40.68 MHz for F-19. For the first time, quasi-simultaneous proton and fluorine NMR spectra were recorded with a series of alternating F-19 and H-1 single scan spectra along the reaction time coordiriate of a homogeneously catalysed esterification model reaction containing fluorinated compounds. The results Were comp. area to quantitative NMR spectra from a hyphenated 500 MHz online NMR instrument for validation. Automation of handling, pre-processing, and analysis of NMR data becomes increasingly important for process monitoring applications of online NMR spectroscopy and for its technical and practical acceptance. Thus, NMR spectra were automatically baseline corrected and phased using the minimum entropy method. Data analysis schemes were designed such that they are based on simple direct integration or first principle line fitting, with the aim that the analysis directly revealed molar concentrations from the spectra.
Finally, the performance of 1/16 '' FEP tube set-up with an ID of 1.02 mm was characterised regarding the limit of detection (LOQ (H-1) = 0.335 mol L-1 and LOQ (F-19) = 0.130 mol L-1 for trifluoroethanol in D2O (single scan)) and maximum quantitative flow rates up to 0.3 mL min(-1). Thus, a series of single scan F-19 and H-1 NMR spectra acquired with this simple set-up already presents a valuable basis for quantitative reaction monitoring. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT
||Institut für Biologische Grenzflächen (IBG)
Institut für Mechanische Verfahrenstechnik und Mechanik (MVM)
KITopen ID: 1000050584
||47.02.02; LK 01
||Journal of Magnetic Resonance
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
KITopen Landing Page