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Influence of dry mixing and distribution of conductive additives in cathodes for lithium ion batteries

Bauer, Werner; Nötzel, Dorit; Wenzel, Valentin; Nirschl, Hermann

Conductive additives, like carbon black or graphite, are essential components of lithium ion batteries due to the limited electrical conductivity of most electrode materials. However, there is still a lack of knowledge about the optimized distribution of these materials within the electrode. A dry mixing process is used in order to prepare a conductive coating by depositing carbon black on the surface of Li(Ni1/3Mn1/3Co1/3)O-2 (NMC) cathode particles. It is demonstrated that this from a theoretically point of view - favorable distribution does not allow the preparation of working electrodes without taking into account the role of the binder. After adding an organic binder to the slurry, the polymer deposits on top of the carbon shell during drying and inhibits the conductive contact between the particles. This can be avoided by a fraction of distributed carbon particles which are associated with the binder phase providing conductive paths through the isolating organic material. It is shown that carbon black and graphite are principally fulfilling this task, but both materials are leading to varying processing behavior and electrode ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Mechanische Verfahrenstechnik und Mechanik (MVM)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0378-7753, 1873-2755
KITopen ID: 1000050609
HGF-Programm 37.01.02; LK 01
Erschienen in Journal of power sources
Band 288
Seiten 359-367
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