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The equilibrium crystal shape of strontium titanate and its relationship to the grain boundary plane distribution

Rheinheimer, Wolfgang; Bäurer, Michael; Chien, Harry; Rohrer, Gregory S.; Handwerker, Carol A.; Blendell, John E.; Hoffmann, Michael J.

Abstract:
In this study, the equilibrium crystal shape (ECS) of a model system, strontium titanate, is compared with the grain boundary plane distribution (GBPD) as a function of temperature. Strontium titanate has a pronounced surface energy anisotropy and a grain growth anomaly, with the grain growth rate decreasing by orders of magnitude with increasing temperature. The ECS was determined from the shape of small intragranular pores and the GBPD was determined from orientation measurements on surfaces, with the relative areas of grain boundary planes in a polycrystal correlated to the surface energy of both adjacent crystal planes. The grain boundary energy has been previously proposed to be the sum of the surface energy of the adjacent grains less a binding energy that is assumed to be constant. While much experimental evidence exists for this assumption at a fixed temperature, the influence of temperature is not known. While the anisotropy of the ECS was found to decrease with temperature, the anisotropy of the GBPD increased with temperature. These findings indicate that changes in the binding energy with temperature must be considered, ... mehr


Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Keramische Werkstoffe und Technologien (IAM-KWT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1359-6454
KITopen ID: 1000051663
HGF-Programm 43.22.03; LK 01
Erschienen in Acta Materialia
Band 82
Seiten 32-40
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