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In situ characterization of mixed phase clouds using the Small Ice Detector and the Particle Phase Discriminator

Vochezer, P.; Järvinen, E.; Wagner, R.; Kupiszewski, P.; Leisner, T.; Schnaiter, M.

Abstract: Mixed phase clouds (MPCs) represent a great source of uncertainty for both climate predictions and weather forecasts. In particular, there is still a lack of understanding on how ice forms in these clouds. In this work we present a technique to analyze in situ measurements of MPCs performed with the latest instruments from the Small Ice Detector family. These instruments record high-resolution scattering patterns of individual small cloud particles. For the analysis of the scattering patterns we developed an algorithm that can discriminate the phase of the cloud particles. In the case of a droplet, a Mie solution is fitted to the recorded pattern and the size of the corresponding particle is obtained, which allows for a size calibration of the instrument. In the case of an ice particle, its shape is deduced from the scattering pattern. We apply our data analysis method to measurements from three distinct MPC types. The results from laboratory measurements demonstrate that our technique can discriminate between droplets and ice particles in the same optical size range. This ability was verified by measurements at a mountain top station where we found an alternation of liquid- and ice-dominated cloud regions. The analysis of results from aircraft-based measurements illustrates the ice detection threshold of the technique.


Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Aerosolforschung (IMK-AAF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2016
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator DOI: 10.5194/amt-9-159-2016
ISSN: 1867-1381, 1867-8548
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-520736
KITopen ID: 1000052073
HGF-Programm 12.01.01; LK 01
Erschienen in Atmospheric measurement techniques
Band 9
Heft 1
Seiten 159-177
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
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