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Do Media Use and Physical Activity Compete in Adolescents? Results of the MoMo Study

Spengler, Sarah; Mess, Filip; Woll, Alexander

Abstract:
Purpose
The displacement hypothesis predicts that physical activity and media use compete in adolescents; however, findings are inconsistent. A more differentiated approach at determining the co-occurrence of physical activity and media use behaviors within subjects may be warranted. The aim of this study was to determine the co-occurrence of physical activity and media use by identifying clusters of adolescents with specific behavior patterns including physical activity in various settings (school, sports club, leisure time) and different types of media use (watching TV, playing console games, using PC / Internet).
Methods
Cross-sectional data of 2,083 adolescents (11–17 years) from all over Germany were collected between 2009 and 2012 in the Motorik-Modul Study. Physical activity and media use were self-reported. Cluster analyses (Ward’s method and K-means analysis) were used to identify behavior patterns of boys and girls separately.
Results
Eight clusters were identified for boys and seven for girls. The clusters demonstrated that a high proportion of boys (33%) as well as girls (42%) show low engagement in both physical activity and media use, irrespective of setting or type of media. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000052086
Veröffentlicht am 26.09.2018
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0142544
Scopus
Zitationen: 9
Web of Science
Zitationen: 9
Coverbild
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1932-6203
urn:nbn:de:swb:90-520863
KITopen-ID: 1000052086
Erschienen in PLoS one
Band 10
Heft 12
Seiten e0142544
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
Scopus
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