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Probing ice-nucleation processes on the molecular level using second harmonic generation spectroscopy

Abdelmonem, A. 1; Lützenkirchen, J. ORCID iD icon 2; Leisner, T. ORCID iD icon 1
1 Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Aerosolforschung (IMK-AAF), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Institut für Nukleare Entsorgung (INE), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


We present and characterize a novel setup to apply second harmonic generation (SHG) spectroscopy in total internal reflection geometry (TIR) to heterogeneous freezing research. It allows to monitor the evolution of water structuring at solid surfaces at low temperatures prior to heterogeneous ice nucleation. Apart from the possibility of investigating temperature dependence, a major novelty in our setup is the ability of measuring sheet-like samples in TIR geometry in a direct way. As a main experimental result, we find that our method can discriminate between good and poor ice nucleating surfaces. While at the sapphire basal plane, which is known to be a poor ice nucleator, no structural rearrangement of the water molecules is found prior to freezing, the basal plane surface of mica, an analogue to ice active mineral dust surfaces, exhibits a strong change in the nonlinear optical properties at temperatures well above the freezing transition. This is interpreted as a pre-activation, i.e. an increase in the local ordering of the interfacial water which is expected to facilitate the crystallization of ice at the surface. The results are in line with recent predictions by molecular dynamics simulations on a similar system. ... mehr

Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000052367
DOI: 10.5194/amt-8-3519-2015
Zitationen: 29
Web of Science
Zitationen: 27
Zitationen: 29
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Aerosolforschung (IMK-AAF)
Institut für Nukleare Entsorgung (INE)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1867-1381, 1867-8548
KITopen-ID: 1000052367
HGF-Programm 12.01 (POF III, LK 01) Cloud and weather research
Erschienen in Atmospheric measurement techniques
Verlag Copernicus Publications
Band 8
Heft 8
Seiten 3519-3526
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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