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Radio measurements of the energy and the depth of the shower maximum of cosmic-ray air showers by Tunka-Rex

Tunka-REX Collaboration; Bezyazeekov, P.A.; Budnev, N.M.; Gress, O.A.; Haungs, A.; Hiller, R.; Huege, T.; Kazarina, Y.; Kleifges, M.; Konstantinov, E.N.; Korosteleva, E.E.; Kostunin, D.; Krömer, O.; Kuzmichev, L.A.; Lubsandorzhiev, N.; Mirgazov, R.R.; Monkhoev, R.; Pakhorukov, A.; Pankov, L.; Prosin, V.V.; ... mehr

Abstract (englisch): We reconstructed the energy and the position of the shower maximum of air showers with energies E gsim 100 PeV applying a method using radio measurements performed with Tunka-Rex. An event-to-event comparison to air-Cherenkov measurements of the same air showers with the Tunka-133 photomultiplier array confirms that the radio reconstruction works reliably. The Tunka-Rex reconstruction methods and absolute scales have been tuned on CoREAS simulations and yield energy and Xmax values consistent with the Tunka-133 measurements. The results of two independent measurement seasons agree within statistical uncertainties, which gives additional confidence in the radio reconstruction. The energy precision of Tunka-Rex is comparable to the Tunka-133 precision of 15%, and exhibits a 20% uncertainty on the absolute scale dominated by the amplitude calibration of the antennas. For Xmax, this is the first direct experimental correlation of radio measurements with a different, established method. At the moment, the Xmax resolution of Tunka-Rex is approximately 40 g/cm2. This resolution can probably be improved by deploying additional antennas and by further development of the reconstruction methods, since the present analysis does not yet reveal any principle limitations.

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Kernphysik (IKP)
Institut für Prozessdatenverarbeitung und Elektronik (IPE)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2016
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2016/01/052
ISSN: 1475-7516
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-534988
KITopen ID: 1000053498
HGF-Programm 51.03.04; LK 01
Erschienen in Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Band 2016
Heft 1
Seiten 052
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch SCOAP3
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