The thermal behavior of Li-ion cells is an important safety issue and has to be known under varying thermal conditions. The main objectives of this work is to gain a better understanding of the temperature increase within the cell considering different heat sources under specified working conditions. With respect to the governing physical parameters, the major aim is to find out under which thermal conditions a so called Thermal Runaway occurs. Therefore, a mathematical electrochemical-thermal model based on the Newman model has been extended with a simple combustion model from reaction kinetics including various types of heat sources assumed to be based on an Arrhenius law. This model was realized in COMSOL Multiphysics modeling software. First simulations were performed for a cylindrical 1860 cell with a -cathode to calculate the temperature increase under two various simple electric load profiles and to compute critical system parameters. It has been found that the critical cell temperature [Math Processing Error] , above which a thermal runaway may occur is approximately [Math Processing Error] , which is near the starting temperature of the decomposition of the Solid-Electrolyte-Interface in the anode at [Math Processing Error] . ... mehrFurthermore, it has been found that a thermal runaway can be described in three main stages.