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Vortex force decomposition in the tip region of impulsively-started flat plates

Kriegseis, Jochen; Rival, David E.

Abstract: An investigation into the influence of seemingly analogous kinematics (plunge versus tow) for rapidly accelerating, low-aspect-ratio plates has been performed. The instantaneous forces and velocity fields were obtained simultaneously using a six-component force/moment sensor together with a three-dimensional particle tracking velocimetry (3D-PTV) system. Despite identical effective shear-layer velocities and effective angles of attack, the force histories are found to vary between the two aforementioned cases (plunge versus tow) once the impulsive motion is complete, as originally reported on by Kriegseis et al. (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 736, 2013, pp. 91–106). In order to uncover the cause for this curious discrepancy between the two analogous cases a vortex force decomposition is implemented. It is shown that the interplay between growth and orientation of the vortical structures significantly affects vortical hydrodynamic impulse and vortex force, and thus the net lift on the body.

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Strömungsmechanik (ISTM)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2014
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2014.481
ISSN: 0022-1120
KITopen ID: 1000054191
Erschienen in Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Band 756
Heft 6
Seiten 758-770
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