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Including excluded groups: The slow racial transformation of the South African university system

Barnard, Helena; Cowan, Robin; Kirman, Alan; Müller, Moritz

This paper looks at the inclusion of excluded groups, notably the racial transformation of the South African university system. Both demand-side factors | are qualified black people hired as faculty? | and supply-side factors | are there enough qualified black people who can be hired as faculty? | need to be aligned. Prior evidence suggests that demand and supply both have both a psychological and a structural dimension. Affirmative action-type regulations address the structural dimension of demand, but homophily (a "love for the own") can nonetheless limit the hiring of faculty in white-dominated hiring committees. On the supply side, the weak education system limits the structural supply of quality black potential academics. But the limited hiring of black academics and resulting limited role models mean that few black people even consider an academic career. This paper presents a model of hiring (either randomly or on a homophilic basis), calibrated with data from the South African university system from the end of Apartheid. Our evidence suggests that even a relatively small reduction of
homophily increases the rate a ... mehr

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DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000055426
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre (ECON)
Publikationstyp Forschungsbericht
Jahr 2016
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2190-9806
KITopen-ID: 1000055426
Verlag KIT, Karlsruhe
Umfang 26 S.
Serie Working paper series in economics ; 89
Schlagworte universities; racial transformation; South Africa; transformation; higher education access; segregation
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