KIT | KIT-Bibliothek | Impressum

Formation of blade and slot die coated small molecule multilayers for OLED applications studied theoretically and by XPS depth profiling

Peters, Katharina; Raupp, Sebastian; Hummel, Helga; Bruns, Michael; Scharfer, Philip; Schabel, Wilhelm



Abstract (englisch): Slot die coaters especially designed for low material consumption and doctor blades were used to process small molecule solutions for organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Optimum process parameters were developed for the large-scale coating techniques to generate stable single and multiple layers only a few nanometers thick. Achieving a multilayer architecture for solution-processed OLEDs is the most challenging step. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy sputter depth profiling was performed to determine defined interfaces between coated organic layers. Commercially available small molecules NPB (N,N’-Di(1-naphthyl)-N,N’-diphenyl-(1,1’-biphenyl)-4,4’-diamine) and BAlq (Bis(8-hdroxy-2methylquinoline)-(4-phenylphenoxy)aluminum), originally developed for vacuum deposition, were used as hole, respectively electron transport material. Defined double-layers were processed with both scalable coating methods using the orthogonal solvent approach. The use of non-orthogonal solvents resulted in complete intermixing of the material. The results are explained by calculations of solubilities and simulating drying and diffusion kinetics of the small molecule solutions.


Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Thermische Verfahrenstechnik (TVT)
Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Energiespeichersysteme (IAM-ESS)
Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2016
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator DOI: 10.1063/1.4953845
ISSN: 2158-3226
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-554947
KITopen ID: 1000055494
HGF-Programm 43.22.03; LK 01
Erschienen in AIP Advances
Band 6
Seiten 065108
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft KITopen Landing Page