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URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-580166
DOI: 10.5194/acp-15-9143-2015
Zitationen: 7
Web of Science
Zitationen: 5

Transport of Antarctic stratospheric strongly dehydrated air into the troposphere observed during the HALO-ESMVal campaign 2012

Rolf, C.; Afchine, A.; Bozem, H.; Buchholz, B.; Ebert, V.; Guggenmoser, T.; Hoor, P.; Konopka, P.; Kretschmer, E.; Müller, S.; Schlager, H.; Spelten, N.; Sumiáska-Ebersoldt, O.; Ungermann, J.; Zahn, A.; Krämer, M.

Dehydration in the Antarctic winter stratosphere is a well-known phenomenon that is annually observed by satellites and occasionally observed by balloon-borne measurements. However, in situ measurements of dehydrated air masses in the Antarctic vortex are very rare. Here, we present detailed observations with the in situ and GLORIA remote sensing instrument payload aboard the German aircraft HALO. Strongly dehydrated air masses down to 1.6 ppmv of water vapor were observed as far north as 47° S in an altitude between 12 and 13 km in the lowermost stratosphere. The dehydration can be traced back to individual ice formation events above the Antarctic Peninsula and Plateau, where ice crystals sedimented out and water vapor was irreversibly removed. Within these dehydrated stratospheric air masses, filaments of moister air reaching down to the tropopause are detected with the high-resolution limb sounder, GLORIA. Furthermore, dehydrated air masses are observed with GLORIA in the Antarctic lowermost stratosphere down to 7 km. With the help of a backward trajectory analysis, a midlatitude origin of the moist filaments in the vortex can be ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Fakultät für Physik (PHYSIK)
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2015
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1680-7316, 1680-7324
KITopen ID: 1000058016
HGF-Programm 12.04.03; LK 01
Erschienen in Atmospheric chemistry and physics
Band 15
Heft 16
Seiten 9143-9158
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