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Social Media in Crisis Management and Forensic Disaster Analysis

Dittrich, André; Lucas, Christian

Abstract (englisch):

Today, modern sensors or sensor networks provide good quality measurements for the observation of large-scale emergencies as a result of natural disasters. Mostly however, only at certain points in their respective locations and for a very limited number of measurement parameters (e.g. seismograph) and not over the entire course of a disaster event. The proliferation of different social media application (e.g. Twitter, Facebook, Google+, etc.), yields the possibility to use the resulting data as a free and fast supplement or complement to traditional monitoring techniques. In particular, these new channels can serve for rapid detection, for information gathering for emergency protection and for information dissemination. Thus, each user of these networks represents a so-called virtual sensor (“social sensor”), whose eyewitness account can be important for understanding the situation on the ground. The advantages of these social sensors are the high mobility, the versatility of the parameters that can be captured (text, images, videos, etc.) as well as the rapid spread of information. Due to the subjective characteristics however, the data often show different quality and quantity. ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Photogrammetrie und Fernerkundung (IPF)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Proceedingsbeitrag
Publikationsjahr 2014
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000058063
Erschienen in EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, EGU General Assembly. EGU General Assembly 2014, Vienna, A, 27 April - 2 May, 2014
Auflage 16
Verlag Copernicus Publications
Serie Geophysical Research Abstracts
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
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