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The millennium water vapour drop in chemistry-climate model simulations

Brinkop, S.; Dameris, M.; Jöckel, P.; Garny, H.; Lossow, S.; Stiller, G.

This study investigates the abrupt and severe water vapour decline in the stratosphere beginning in the year 2000 (the “millennium water vapour drop”) and other similarly strong stratospheric water vapour reductions by means of various simulations with the state-of-the-art Chemistry- Climate Model (CCM) EMAC (ECHAM/MESSy Atmospheric Chemistry Model). The model simulations differ with respect to the prescribed sea surface temperatures (SSTs) and whether nudging is applied or not. The CCM EMAC is able to most closely reproduce the signature and pattern of the water vapour drop in agreement with those derived from satellite observations if the model is nudged. Model results confirm that this extraordinary water vapour decline is particularly obvious in the tropical lower stratosphere and is related to a large decrease in cold point temperature. The drop signal propagates under dilution to the higher stratosphere and to the poles via the Brewer–Dobson circulation (BDC). We found that the driving forces for this significant decline in water vapour mixing ratios are tropical sea surface temperature (SST) changes due to a coincidence with ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2016
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-8125-2016
ISSN: 1680-7316, 1680-7324
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-596273
KITopen ID: 1000059627
HGF-Programm 12.04.05; LK 01
Erschienen in Atmospheric chemistry and physics
Band 16
Heft 13
Seiten 8125-8140
Lizenz CC BY 3.0 DE: Creative Commons Namensnennung 3.0 Deutschland
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