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Evidence for a mixed mass composition at the ‘ankle’ in the cosmic-ray spectrum

Pierre Auger Collaboration; Aab, A.; Abreu, P.; Aglietta, M.; Ahn, E. J.; Al Samarai, I.; Albuquerque, I. F. M.; Allekotte, I.; Allison, P.; Almela, A.; Alvarez Castillo, J.; Alvarez-Muñiz, J.; Ambrosio, M.; Anastasi, G. A.; Anchordoqui, L.; Andrada, B.; Andringa, S.; Aramo, C.; Arqueros, F.; Arsene, N.; Asorey, H.; ... mehr

Abstract:
We report a first measurement for ultrahigh energy cosmic rays of the correlation between the depth of shower maximum and the signal in the water Cherenkov stations of air-showers registered simultaneously by the fluorescence and the surface detectors of the Pierre Auger Observatory. Such a correlation measurement is a unique feature of a hybrid air-shower observatory with sensitivity to both the electromagnetic and muonic components. It allows an accurate determination of the spread of primary masses in the cosmic-ray flux. Up till now, constraints on the spread of primary masses have been dominated by systematic uncertainties. The present correlation measurement is not affected by systematics in the measurement of the depth of shower maximum or the signal in the water Cherenkov stations. The analysis relies on general characteristics of air showers and is thus robust also with respect to uncertainties in hadronic event generators. The observed correlation in the energy range around the ‘ankle’ at lg⁡(E/eV)=18.5–19.0 differs significantly from expectations for pure primary cosmic-ray compositions. A light composition made up of proton and helium only is equally inconsistent with observations. ... mehr

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Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000061650
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2016.09.039
Scopus
Zitationen: 47
Web of Science
Zitationen: 31
Coverbild
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Experimentelle Kernphysik (IEKP)
Institut für Kernphysik (IKP)
Institut für Prozessdatenverarbeitung und Elektronik (IPE)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2016
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0370-2693, 1873-2445
urn:nbn:de:swb:90-616503
KITopen-ID: 1000061650
HGF-Programm 51.03.03 (POF III, LK 01)
Erschienen in Physics letters / B
Band 762
Seiten 288-295
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch SCOAP3
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 10.11.2016
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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