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Pilot actions in European cities - Stuttgart

RInke, Rayk; Kapp, Rainer; Reuter, Ulrich; Ketterer, Christine; Fallmann, Joachim; Matzarakis, Andreas; Emeis, Stefan ORCID iD icon

Abstract (englisch):

The field of urban climatology has a long tradition in Stuttgart. It exists as discipline in Stuttgart since 1938. Stuttgart was the first city to establish its own Department of Climatology to research ways of improving the flow of fresh air into the city and to reduce thermal stress in most populated city districts. The specialist department of Urban Climatology, within the Environmental Protection Office, deals with tasks relating to environmental meteorology within the scope of air pollution control and also relating to urban and global climate protection. So in Stuttgart the urban heat island phenomenon (UHI) is studied for several decades, leading to a high level understanding of the UHI and the problems which it causes. The UHI causes an increase in air temperatures and thermal stress, that are identified as most negative impacts on human health and urban living. In the view of global climate change and the predicted temperature rise for the Stuttgart region of 1.5–2 K in this century, the negative impacts of UHI on human health and urban living will become more problematic in the future. According to the results of climate models the frequency of very hot days is expected to jump by nearly 30 % at the end of the century. ... mehr

Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000061812
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-10425-6_10
Zitationen: 3
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Buchaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2016
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISBN: 978-3-319-10424-9
KITopen-ID: 1000061812
HGF-Programm 12.02.04 (POF III, LK 01) Urban-Rural Interactions
Erschienen in Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario. Ed.: F. Musco
Verlag Springer
Seiten 281-303
Schlagwörter Climate change, Urban climatology, Urban heat island (UHI), Urban planning, Restructuring, Air ventilation, Thermal stress, Development outline plan, Green roofs, Heat warning system
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
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