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Chemical environment of unusually Ge- and Pb-rich willemite, Tres Marias mine, Mexico

Saini-Eidukat, Bernhardt; Melcher, Frank; Göttlicher, Jörg; Steininger, Ralph

The Tres Marias carbonate-hosted Zn-Ge deposit in Chihuahua, Mexico contains willemite [Zn$_{2}$SiO$_{4}$] with unusually high concentrations of minor and trace elements (e.g., Pb, Ge, As, P, V); Pb concentrations are as high as 2 wt %, and Ge may reach 4000 ppm (average 900 ppm). Electron microprobe analyses and synchrotron X-ray fluorescence maps show that Zn and Ge, as well as Zn and Pb are negatively correlated, whereas Ge and Pb are positively correlated across zoned willemite crystals. In cathodoluminescence (CL) images, those areas of willemite having high trace element concentrations have no, or low CL intensities, whereas zones low in trace elements (except for P) display bright blue CL colors. X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy was used to characterize the chemical nature of Ge and Pb in willemite. Comparisons to reference spectra of natural and artificial substances points to the presence of Ge$^{4+}$ and Pb$^{2+}$ in Tres Marias willemite. No evidence for Pb$^{4+}$ was detected. Oscillatory zonation reflects trace element incorporation into willemite from the oxidation of primary Ge-bearing sphalerite an ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT ANKA - die Synchrotronstrahlungsquelle am KIT (ANKA)
Institut für Photonenforschung und Synchrotronstrahlung (IPS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2016
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator DOI: 10.3390/min6010020
ISSN: 2075-163X
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-630491
KITopen ID: 1000063049
Erschienen in Minerals
Band 6
Heft 1
Seiten Art.Nr.: 6
Lizenz CC BY 4.0: Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International
Schlagworte XAFS, XANES spectroscopy (Ge, Pb), germanium, lead, willemite, Zn2SiO4, Tres Marias
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