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Contribution of very short-lived substances to stratospheric bromine loading: uncertainties and constraints

Aschmann, J.; Sinnhuber, B.-M.

Abstract:
Very short-lived substances (VSLS) still represent a major factor of uncertainty in the quantification of stratospheric bromine loading. One of the major obstacles for short-lived source gases in contributing to the stratosphere is generally thought to be loss of inorganic bromine (Bry) in the tropical tropopause layer (TTL) due to dehydration. We use sensitivity calculations with a three-dimensional chemistry transport model comprising a consistent parametrization of convective transport and a comprehensive chemistry scheme to investigate the associated processes. The model considers the two most important bromine VSLS, bromoform (CHBr3) and dibromomethane (CH2Br2). The organic bromine source gases as well as the resulting profile of inorganic bromine in the model are consistent with available observations. In contrast to its organic precursors, Bry is assumed to have a significant sorption capacity regarding sedimenting liquid or frozen particles thus the fraction of intact source gases during their ascent through the TTL is a critical factor. We find that source gas injection is the dominant pathway into the stratosphere, about 50% of CHBr3 and 94% of CH2Br2 is able to overcome the cold point tropopause at approximately 17 km altitude, modulated by the interannual variability of the vertical transport efficiency. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000065360
Veröffentlicht am 09.03.2018
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.5194/acp-13-1203-2013
Scopus
Zitationen: 31
Web of Science
Zitationen: 28
Coverbild
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Fakultät für Physik (PHYSIK)
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2013
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1680-7324, 1680-7316
urn:nbn:de:swb:90-653606
KITopen-ID: 1000065360
HGF-Programm 12.04.03 (POF II, LK 01)
Erschienen in Atmospheric chemistry and physics
Band 13
Heft 3
Seiten 1203–1219
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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