In this work, we investigate the performance and operational stability of solution-processed organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), which comprise polyethylenimine (PEI) as an electron injection layer (EIL). We show that the primary degradation mechanism in these OLEDs depends on the cathode metal that is used in contact with the EIL. In the case of Al, the deterioration in OLED performance during electrical driving is mainly caused by excitons which reach and subsequently degrade the emitter/PEI interface. In contrast, in the case of Ag, device performance degradation occurs due to an additional mechanism: hole accumulation at the emitter/PEI interface and a consequent drop in the emitter quantum yield. As a result, the operational lifetime of OLEDs that use PEI as EIL can vary significantly with the cathode material, and at a current density of 20 mA cm–2, LT50 lifetimes of ∼200 h and <10 h are obtained for Al and Ag, respectively. Finally, we show that the first degradation mechanism can be significantly slowed by using a mixture of PEI and ZnO nanoparticles as EIL. As a result, the operational lifetime of OLEDs with an Al cat ... mehrhode is increased to more than 1000 h, without adversely affecting device performance. This lifetime is significantly longer than that of a LiF/Al reference OLED.