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The influence of snow sublimation and meltwater evaporation on δD of water vapor in the atmospheric boundary layer of central Europe

Christner, E.; Kohler, M.; Schneider, M.

Abstract (englisch):
Post-depositional fractionation of stable water isotopes due to fractionating surface evaporation introduces uncertainty to various isotope applications such as the reconstruction of paleotemperatures, paleoaltimetry, and the investigation of groundwater formation. In this study, we investigate isotope fractionation at snow-covered moisture sources by combining 17 months of observations of isotope concentration ratios [HD16O] ∕ [H216O] in low-level water vapor in central Europe with a new Lagrangian isotope model. The isotope model is capable of reproducing variations of the observed isotope ratios with a correlation coefficient R of 0.82. Observations from 38 days were associated with cold snaps and moisture uptake in snow-covered regions. Deviations between modeled and measured isotope ratios during the cold snaps were related to differences in skin temperatures (Tskin). Analysis of Tskin provided by the Global Data Assimilation System (GDAS) of the NCEP implies the existence of two regimes of Tskin with different types of isotope fractionation during evaporation: a cold regime with Tskin < Tsubl,max = −7.7 °C, which is dominated by non-fractionating sublimation of snow, and a warmer regime with Tsubl,max < Tskin < 0 °C, which is dominated by fractionating evaporation of meltwater. ... mehr

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DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000065757
DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-1207-2017
Zitationen: 10
Web of Science
Zitationen: 10
Zitationen: 11
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Fakultät für Physik (PHYSIK)
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF)
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Forschungsbereich Troposphäre (IMK-TRO)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1680-7316, 1680-7324
KITopen-ID: 1000065757
HGF-Programm 12.03.01 (POF III, LK 01) Long term observations of tropospheric
Erschienen in Atmospheric chemistry and physics
Verlag European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Band 17
Heft 2
Seiten 1207-1225
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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