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The CU mobile Solar Occultation Flux instrument: structure functions and emission rates of NH₃, NO₂ and C₂H₆

Kille, Natalie; Baidar, Sunil; Handley, Philip; Ortega, Ivan; Sinreich, Roman; Cooper, Owen R.; Hase, Frank; Hannigan, James W.; Pfister, Gabriele; Volkamer, Rainer

Abstract (englisch):
We describe the University of Colorado mobile Solar Occultation Flux instrument (CU mobile SOF). The instrument consists of a digital mobile solar tracker that is coupled to a Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) of 0.5 cm−1 resolution and a UV–visible spectrometer (UV–vis) of 0.55 nm resolution. The instrument is used to simultaneously measure the absorption of ammonia (NH3), ethane (C2H6) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) along the direct solar beam from a moving laboratory. These direct-sun observations provide high photon flux and enable measurements of vertical column densities (VCDs) with geometric air mass factors, high temporal resolution of 2 s and spatial resolution of 5–19 m. It is shown that the instrument line shape (ILS) of the FTS is independent of the azimuth and elevation angle pointing of the solar tracker. Further, collocated measurements next to a high-resolution FTS at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (HR-NCAR-FTS) show that the CU mobile SOF measurements of NH3 and C2H6 are precise and accurate; the VCD error at high signal to noise ratio is 2–7 %. During the Front Range Air Pollution and Photochemistry Experiment (FRAPPE) from 21 July to 3 September 2014 in Colorado, the CU mobile SOF instrument measured median (minimum, maximum) VCDs of 4.3 (0.5, 45)  ×  1016 molecules cm−2 NH3, 0.30 (0.06, 2.23)  ×  1016 molecules cm−2 NO2 and 3.5 (1.5, 7.7)  ×  1016 molecules cm−2 C2H6. ... mehr

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DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000065790
DOI: 10.5194/amt-10-373-2017
Zitationen: 11
Web of Science
Zitationen: 10
Zitationen: 10
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Fakultät für Physik (PHYSIK)
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1867-8548, 1867-1381
KITopen-ID: 1000065790
HGF-Programm 12.03.01 (POF III, LK 01) Long term observations of tropospheric
Erschienen in Atmospheric measurement techniques
Verlag Copernicus Publications
Band 10
Heft 1
Seiten 373–392
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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