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Experimental investigation of an annular diffuser for axial flow fan configurations at different inflow profiles

Walter, Johannes 1; Wurz, Dieter; Hartig, Stefan; Gabi, Martin 1
1 Fakultät für Maschinenbau – Fachgebiet Strömungsmaschinen (FSM), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Axial fans are used in power plants for fresh air supply and flue gas transport. A typical configuration consists of an axial fan and annular diffuser which connects the fan to the following piping. In order to achieve a high efficiency of the con-figuration not only the components have to be optimized but also their interac-tion. The present study focuses on the diffuser of the configuration. Experiments are performed on a diffuser-piping configuration in order to investigate the influ-ence of the velocity profile of the fan outlet on the pressure recovery of the con-figuration. Two different diffuser inlet profiles are generated, a homogeneous profile and a profile with the typical outlet characteristics of a fan. The latter is generated by the superposition of screens in the inlet zone. The tests are conduct-ed at a high Reynolds number (Re≈4∙10^5). Mean velocity profiles and wall shear stresses are measured with hydraulic methods (Prandtl and Preston tubes). The results show that there is a lack of momentum at the outer wall of the diffuser and high shear stresses at the inner wall in case of the homogeneous inflow pro-file. For the typical fan outlet profile it can be shown that there is an opposite ef-fect with high wall shear stresses at the outer wall while the boundary layer of the inner wall lacks momentum. ... mehr

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DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000066757
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Fakultät für Maschinenbau – Fachgebiet Strömungsmaschinen (FSM)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2016
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0354-9836, 2334-7163
KITopen-ID: 1000066757
Erschienen in Thermal science
Verlag Société d'Etudes des Sciences Naturelles (SESNNG)
Heft 00
Seiten 183
Schlagwörter annular diffuser, flow separation, fan outflow profile, Preston method, pressure recovery
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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