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Speciation of neptunium during sorption and diffusion in natural clay

Reich, T.; Amayri, S.; Bӧrner, P J. B.; Drebert, J; Frӧhlich, D. R.; Grolimund, D.; Kaplan, U.

In argillaceous rocks, which are considered as a potential host rock for nuclear waste repositories, sorption and diffusion processes govern the migration behaviour of actinides like neptunium. For the safety analysis of such a repository, a molecular-level understanding of the transport and retardation phenomena of radioactive contaminants in the host rock is mandatory. The speciation of Np during sorption and diffusion in Opalinus Clay was studied at near neutral pH using a combination of spatially resolved synchrotron radiation techniques. During the sorption and diffusion experiments, the interaction of 8 μM Np(V) solutions with the clay lead to the formation of spots at the clay-water interface with increased Np concentrations as determined by μ-XRF. Several of these spots are correlated with areas of increased Fe concentration. Np L3-edge μ-XANES spectra revealed that up to 85% of the initial Np(V) was reduced to Np(IV). Pyrite could be identified by μ-XRD as a redox-active mineral phase responsible for the formation of Np(IV). The analysis of the diffusion profile within the clay matrix after an in-diffusion experiment for tw ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Nukleare Entsorgung (INE)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2016
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/712/1/012081
ISSN: 1742-6588, 1742-6596
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-686646
KITopen ID: 1000068664
Erschienen in Journal of physics / Conference Series
Band 712
Heft 1
Seiten Art. Nr.: 012081
Lizenz CC BY 3.0 DE: Creative Commons Namensnennung 3.0 Deutschland
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung 16th International Conference on X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure, XAFS 2015; Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)Karlsruhe; Germany; 23 August 2015 through 28 August 2015
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