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The role of inoculum and reactor configuration for microbial community composition and dynamics in mainstream partial nitritation anammox reactors

Agrawal, S.; Karst, S. M.; Gilbert, E. M.; Horn, H.; Nielsen, P. H.; Lackner, S.

Implementation of partial nitritation anammox (PNA) in the mainstream (municipal wastewater treatment) is still under investigation. Microbial community structure and reactor type can influence the performance of PNA reactor; yet, little is known about the role of the community composition of the inoculum and the reactor configuration under mainstream conditions. Therefore, this study investigated the community structure of inocula of different origin and their consecutive community dynamics in four different lab-scale PNA reactors with 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. These reactors were operated for almost 1 year and subjected to realistic seasonal temperature fluctuations as in moderate climate regions, that is, from 20°C in summer to 10°C in winter. The sequencing analysis revealed that the bacterial community in the reactors comprised: (1) a nitrifying community (consisting of anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing bacteria (AnAOB), ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB), and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB)); (2) different heterotrophic denitrifying bacteria and other putative heterotrophic bacteria (HB). The nitrifying community was the sa ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Engler-Bunte-Institut (EBI)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator DOI: 10.1002/mbo3.456
ISSN: 2045-8827
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-688554
KITopen ID: 1000068855
Erschienen in MicrobiologyOpen
Band 6
Heft 4
Seiten Art. Nr. e00456
Lizenz CC BY 4.0: Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International
Schlagworte biofilm, bioreactors, Molecular microbial ecology, Nitrogen metabolism
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