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Could consumption of insects, cultured meat or imitation meat reduce global agricultural land use? [in press]

Alexander, Peter; Brown, Calum; Arneth, Almut; Dias, Clare; Finnigan, John; Moran, Dominic; Rounsevell, Mark D.A.

Animal products, i.e. meat, milk and eggs, provide an important component in global diets, but livestock dominate agricultural land use by area and are a major source of greenhouse gases. Cultural and personal associations with animal product consumption create barriers to moderating consumption, and hence reduced environmental impacts. Here we review alternatives to conventional animal products, including cultured meat, imitation meat and insects (i.e. entomophagy), and explore the potential change in global agricultural land requirements associated with each alternative. Stylised transformative consumption scenarios where half of current conventional animal products are substituted to provide at least equal protein and calories are considered. The analysis also considers and compares the agricultural land area given shifts between conventional animal product consumption. The results suggest that imitation meat and insects have the highest land use efficiency, but the land use requirements are only slightly greater for eggs and poultry meat. The efficiency of insects and their ability to convert agricultural by-products and food wa ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator DOI: 10.1016/j.gfs.2017.04.001
ISSN: 2211-9124
KITopen ID: 1000069586
HGF-Programm 12.02.02; LK 01
Erschienen in Global food security
Schlagworte Land use; Animal products; Livestock; Dietary change; Entomophagy; Cultured meat
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