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DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000070041
DOI: 10.3390/resources5040046

A critical assessment of the resource depletion potential of current and future lithium-ion batteries

Peters, J. F.; Weil, M.

Resource depletion aspects are repeatedly used as an argument for a shift towards new battery technologies. However, whether serious shortages due to the increased demand for traction and stationary batteries can actually be expected is subject to an ongoing discussion. In order to identify the principal drivers of resource depletion for battery production, we assess different lithium-ion battery types and a new lithium-free battery technology (sodium-ion) under this aspect, applying different assessment methodologies. The findings show that very different results are obtained with existing impact assessment methodologies, which hinders clear interpretation. While cobalt, nickel and copper can generally be considered as critical metals, the magnitude of their depletion impacts in comparison with that of other battery materials like lithium, aluminum or manganese differs substantially. A high importance is also found for indirect resource depletion effects caused by the co-extraction of metals from mixed ores. Remarkably, the resource depletion potential per kg of produced battery is driven only partially by the electrode materials a ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Helmholtz-Institut Ulm (HIU)
Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS)
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2016
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2079-9276
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-700412
KITopen ID: 1000070041
HGF-Programm 48.01.01; LK 01
Erschienen in Resources
Band 5
Heft 4
Seiten 46
Schlagworte Battery, energy storage, environmental impact, life cycle assessment, lithium-ion, resource depletion, sodium-ion, system analysis
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