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Losses Associated with Secondary Effects in Earthquakes

Daniell, James E.; Schaefer, Andreas M.; Wenzel, Friedemann

Abstract:
The number of earthquakes with high damage and high losses has been limited to around 100 events since 1900. Looking at historical losses from 1900 onward, we see that around 100 key earthquakes (or around 1% of damaging earthquakes) have caused around 93% of fatalities globally. What is indeed interesting about this statistic is that within these events, secondary effects have played a major role, causing around 40% of economic losses and fatalities as compared to shaking effects. Disaggregation of secondary effect economic losses and fatalities demonstrating the relative influence of historical losses from direct earthquake shaking in comparison to tsunami, fire, landslides, liquefaction, fault rupture, and other type losses is important if we are to understand the key causes post-earthquake. The trends and major event impacts of secondary effects are explored in terms of their historic impact as well as looking to improved ways to disaggregate them through two case studies of the Tohoku 2011 event for earthquake, tsunami, liquefaction, fire, and the nuclear impact; as well as the Chilean 1960 earthquake and tsunami event.


Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Geophysikalisches Institut (GPI)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator DOI: 10.3389/fbuil.2017.00030
ISSN: 2297-3362
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-713026
KITopen ID: 1000071302
Erschienen in Frontiers in built environment
Band 3
Seiten Article: 30
Lizenz CC BY 4.0: Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Schlagworte tsunami, earthquake effects, socioeconomic losses, landslides, liquefaction, fatalities, economic losses, earthquake
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