The hydantoinase process is applied for the industrial synthesis of optically pure amino acids via whole cell biocatalysis, providing a simple and well-established method to obtain the catalyst. Nevertheless, whole cell approaches also bear disadvantages like intracellular degradation reactions, transport limitations as well as low substrate solubility. In this work the hydantoinase and carbamoylase from Arthrobacter crystallopoietes DSM 20117 were investigated with respect to their applicability in a cell-free hydantoinase process. Both enzymes were heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli BL21DE3. Cultivation and induction of the hydantoinase under oxygen deficiency resulted in markedly higher specific activities and a further increase in expression was achieved by codon-optimization. Further expression conditions of the hydantoinase were tested using the microbioreactor system BioLector®, which showed a positive effect upon the addition of 3% ethanol to the cultivation medium. Additionally, the hydantoinase and carbamoylase were successfully purified by immobilized metal ion affinity using Ni Sepharose beads as well as by functionalized magnetic beads, while the latter method was clearly more effective with respect to recovery and purification factor. ... mehrImmobilization of both enzymes via functionalized magnetic beads directly from the crude cell extract was successful and resulted in specific activities that turned out to be much higher than those of the purified free enzymes.