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Background CO₂ levels and error analysis from ground-based solar absorption IR measurements in central Mexico

Baylon, Jorge L.; Stremme, Wolfgang; Grutter, Michel; Hase, Frank; Blumenstock, Thomas

In this investigation we analyze two common optical configurations to retrieve CO₂ total column amounts from solar absorption infrared spectra. The noise errors using either a KBr or a CaF₂ beam splitter, a main component of a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR), are quantified in order to assess the relative precisions of the measurements. The configuration using a CaF₂ beam splitter, as deployed by the instruments which contribute to the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON), shows a slightly better precision. However, we show that the precisions in X$_{CO2}$ ( =  0.2095  ⋅  $\frac{Total Column CO₂}{Total Column O₂}$) retrieved from  >  96 % of the spectra measured with a KBr beam splitter fall well below 0.2 %. A bias in X$_{CO2}$ (KBr − CaF₂) of +0.56 ± 0.25 ppm was found when using an independent data set as reference. This value, which corresponds to +0.14 ± 0.064 %, is slightly larger than the mean precisions obtained. A 3-year X$_{CO2}$ time series from FTIR measurements at the high-altitude site of Altzomoni in central Mexico presents clear annual and diurnal cycles, and a trend of +2.2 ppm yr⁻¹ could be determined.

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DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000071696
DOI: 10.5194/amt-10-2425-2017
Zitationen: 2
Web of Science
Zitationen: 1
Zitationen: 3
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Fakultät für Physik (PHYSIK)
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1867-8548, 1867-1381
KITopen-ID: 1000071696
HGF-Programm 12.03.01 (POF III, LK 01) Long term observations of tropospheric
Erschienen in Atmospheric measurement techniques
Verlag Copernicus Publications
Band 10
Heft 7
Seiten 2425-2434
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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