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Bioeconomy Strategies: Contexts, Visions, Guiding Implementation Principles and Resulting Debates

Meyer, Rolf 1
1 Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Over the last decade, bioeconomy policies, guided by integrated bioeconomy strategies, have developed. This paper presents a systematic and comparative analysis of official bioeconomy strategies of the EU, Germany, OECD, Sweden and the USA with regard to their context, visions and guiding implementation principles. In an additional step, the relationship between these strategies and important scientific and societal debates around bioeconomy is assessed. In conclusion, five major stumbling blocks for the further development of the bioeconomy are worked out. First, there is the risk of disappointment because far-reaching promises of the strategies are difficult to achieve. Second, the bioeconomy is not the only way to a low carbon economy so alternatives could impede the desired development. Third, persistent conflicts between the different uses of biomass for food, material and energy production could lead to unstable policy support with short-term shifts. Fourth, a broader success of new bioeconomy value chains could trigger new societal conflicts over bioeconomy if efficiency gains, cascading use, residue use and sustainability certification are not sufficient to ensure a sustainable supply of biomass. ... mehr

Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000071753
DOI: 10.3390/su9061031
Zitationen: 88
Zitationen: 104
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2071-1050
KITopen-ID: 1000071753
HGF-Programm 36.02.01 (POF III, LK 01) Sustainability and Environment
Erschienen in Sustainability
Verlag MDPI
Band 9
Heft 6
Seiten 1031
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Schlagwörter bioeconomy; bio-based economy; strategies; visions; transformation; sustainability; biomass; vision assessment
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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