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Relation between the Co-O bond lengths and the spin state of Co in layered Cobaltates: A high-pressure study

Chin, Y.-Y.; Lin, H.-J.; Hu, Z.; Kuo, C.-Y.; Mikhailova, D.; Lee, J.-M.; Haw, S.-C.; Chen, S.-A.; Schnelle, W.; Ishii, H.; Hiraoka, N.; Liao, Y.-F.; Tsuei, K.-D.; Tanaka, A.; Hao Tjeng, L.; Chen, C.-T.; Chen, J.-M.

The pressure-response of the Co-O bond lengths and the spin state of Co ions in a hybrid 3d-5d solid-state oxide Sr2Co$_{0.5}$Ir$_{0.5}$O₄ with a layered K₂NiF₄-type structure was studied by using hard X-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies. The Co-K and the Ir-L₃ X-ray absorption spectra demonstrate that the Ir$^{5+}$ and the Co$^{3+}$ valence states at ambient conditions are not affected by pressure. The Co Kβ emission spectra, on the other hand, revealed a gradual spin state transition of Co$^{3+}$ ions from a highspin (S = 2) state at ambient pressure to a complete low-spin state (S = 0) at 40 GPa without crossing the intermediate spin state (S = 1). This can be well understood from our calculated phase diagram in which we consider the energies of the low spin, intermediate spin and high spin states of Co$^{3+}$ ions as a function of the anisotropic distortion of the octahedral local coordination in the layered oxide. We infer that a short in-plane Co-O bond length (<1.90 Å) as well as a very large ratio of Co-O$_{apex}$/Co-O$_{in-plane}$ is needed to stabilize the IS Co$^{3+}$, a situation which is rarely met in realit ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Energiespeichersysteme (IAM-ESS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-03950-z
ISSN: 2045-2322
URN: urn:nbn:de:swb:90-717920
KITopen ID: 1000071792
HGF-Programm 37.01.12; LK 01
Erschienen in Scientific reports
Band 7
Heft 1
Seiten Art. Nr.: 3656
Lizenz CC BY 4.0: Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International
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