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On the dynamic toroidal multipoles from localized electric current distributions

Fernandez-Corbaton, I. ORCID iD icon 1; Nanz, S. 2; Rockstuhl, C. 1
1 Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Institut für Theoretische Festkörperphysik (TFP), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


We analyze the dynamic toroidal multipoles and prove that they do not have an independent physical meaning with respect to their interaction with electromagnetic waves. We analytically show how the split into electric and toroidal parts causes the appearance of non-radiative components in each of the two parts. These non-radiative components, which cancel each other when both parts are summed, preclude the separate determination of each part by means of measurements of the radiation from the source or of its coupling to external electromagnetic waves. In other words, there is no toroidal radiation or independent toroidal electromagnetic coupling. The formal meaning of the toroidal multipoles is clear in our derivations. They are the higher order terms of an expansion of the multipolar coefficients of electric parity with respect to the electromagnetic size of the source.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000073882
Veröffentlicht am 02.11.2017
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-07474-4
Zitationen: 47
Web of Science
Zitationen: 24
Zitationen: 49
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Institut für Theoretische Festkörperphysik (TFP)
Universität Karlsruhe (TH) – Interfakultative Einrichtungen (Interfakultative Einrichtungen)
Karlsruhe School of Optics & Photonics (KSOP)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2045-2322
KITopen-ID: 1000073882
HGF-Programm 43.23.01 (POF III, LK 01) Advanced Optical Lithography+Microscopy
Erschienen in Scientific reports
Verlag Nature Research
Band 7
Heft 1
Seiten Art. Nr.: 7527
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Schlagwörter Nuclear physics; Optical physics; Physics
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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