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Manipulating refractive index, homogeneity and spectroscopy of Yb$^{3+}$-doped silica-core glass towards high-power large mode area photonic crystal fiber lasers

Wang, Fan; Hu, Lili; Xu, Wenbin; Wang, Meng; Feng, Suya; Ren, Jinjun; Zhang, Lei; Chen, Danping; Ollier, Nadège; Gao, Guojun; Yu, Chunlei; Wang, Shikai

Output power scaling of single mode large mode area (LMA) photonic crystal fiber (PCF) amplifiers urgently requires the low refractive index of Yb³⁺-doped silica glasses whilst maintaining high optical homogeneity. In this paper, we report on a promising alternative Yb³⁺/Al³⁺/F¯/P⁵⁺-co-doped silica core-glass (YAFP), which is prepared by modified sol-gel method developed by our group and highly suitable for fabricating high power LMA PCF amplifiers. By controlling the doping combinations of Al³⁺/F¯/P⁵⁺ in Yb³⁺- doped silica glass,it not only ensures low refractive index (RI) but also maintains the excellent optical homogeneity and spectroscopic properties of Yb³⁺. The spectroscopic properties of Yb³⁺ ions have not deteriorated by the co-doping of F¯ and P⁵⁺ in YAFP glass compared with that of Yb³⁺/Al³⁺ co-doped silica glass. A large-size (⌀5 mm × 90 mm) YAFP silica-core glass rod with low average RI difference of 2.6 × 10¯⁴ (with respect to pure silica glass), and low radial and axial RI fluctuations of ~2 × 10¯⁴, was prepared. A LMA PCF with 50 μm core diameter was obtained by stack-capillary-draw techniques using YAFP core glass. Its core NA is 0.027. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000075729
Veröffentlicht am 16.11.2018
DOI: 10.1364/OE.25.025960
Zitationen: 24
Web of Science
Zitationen: 16
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Mikrostrukturtechnik (IMT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1094-4087
KITopen-ID: 1000075729
HGF-Programm 43.23.04 (POF III, LK 01) Nanophotonics for Energy Conversion
Erschienen in Optics express
Verlag Optical Society of America (OSA)
Band 25
Heft 21
Seiten Art.Nr. 25960
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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