Output power scaling of single mode large mode area (LMA) photonic crystal fiber (PCF) amplifiers urgently requires the low refractive index of Yb³⁺-doped silica glasses whilst maintaining high optical homogeneity. In this paper, we report on a promising alternative Yb³⁺/Al³⁺/F¯/P⁵⁺-co-doped silica core-glass (YAFP), which is prepared by modified sol-gel method developed by our group and highly suitable for fabricating high power LMA PCF amplifiers. By controlling the doping combinations of Al³⁺/F¯/P⁵⁺ in Yb³⁺- doped silica glass,it not only ensures low refractive index (RI) but also maintains the excellent optical homogeneity and spectroscopic properties of Yb³⁺. The spectroscopic properties of Yb³⁺ ions have not deteriorated by the co-doping of F¯ and P⁵⁺ in YAFP glass compared with that of Yb³⁺/Al³⁺ co-doped silica glass. A large-size (⌀5 mm × 90 mm) YAFP silica-core glass rod with low average RI difference of 2.6 × 10¯⁴ (with respect to pure silica glass), and low radial and axial RI fluctuations of ~2 × 10¯⁴, was prepared. A LMA PCF with 50 μm core diameter was obtained by stack-capillary-draw techniques using YAFP core glass. Its core NA is 0.027. ... mehrAn average amplified power of 97 W peaking at 1030 nm and light-light efficiency of 54% are achieved from a 6.5 m long PCF in the pulse amplification laser experiment. Meanwhile, quasi-single-mode transmission is obtained with laser beam quality factor M² of 1.4.