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Texture of the Viola Flower for Light Harvesting in Photovoltaics

Schmager, Raphael 1; Fritz, Benjamin ORCID iD icon 2; Hünig, Ruben 2; Ding, Kaining; Lemmer, Uli 1,2; Richards, Bryce Sydney ORCID iD icon 1,2; Gomard, Guillaume 1,2; Paetzold, Ulrich Wilhelm ORCID iD icon 1,2
1 Institut für Mikrostrukturtechnik (IMT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Lichttechnisches Institut (LTI), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Nature’s evolution provides a multitude of answers to scientific and key technological challenges such as the light harvesting. In this work, we investigate the optical properties of the unique texture of viola petals for the purpose of improved light harvesting in photovoltaics. We find that crystalline silicon solar cells encapsulated with a transparent coating show a 6% improvement in power conversion efficiency if the viola petal texture is replicated onto the front surface. This gain is based on a broadband enhancement in current generation which originates from the exceptional optical properties of the viola surface texture, combining micro/ and nano/texture. The micro/cones of this hierarchical texture demonstrate strong and broadband light in coupling effects as well as retro/reflection capabilities, and the nano/wrinkles further decrease the reflection losses. Using rigorous optical simulation, we analyze and explain the working principle ruling the light harvesting properties of this dual/scale texture.

DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.7b01153
Zitationen: 41
Zitationen: 44
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Mikrostrukturtechnik (IMT)
Universität Karlsruhe (TH) – Interfakultative Einrichtungen (Interfakultative Einrichtungen)
Karlsruhe School of Optics & Photonics (KSOP)
Lichttechnisches Institut (LTI)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2330-4022
KITopen-ID: 1000075733
HGF-Programm 43.23.04 (POF III, LK 01) Nanophotonics for Energy Conversion
Erschienen in ACS photonics
Verlag American Chemical Society (ACS)
Seiten 2687-2692
Schlagwörter photovoltaics, solar cells, light management, biomimetics, retro-reflection
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
Globale Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung Ziel 7 – Bezahlbare und saubere Energie
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