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Heterogeneous nucleation and growth of water vapor on nanoparticles at mesospheric conditions

Nachbar, Mario; Duft, Denis; Leisner, Thomas ORCID iD icon

Abstract (englisch):

Sub 2 nm meteoric smoke particles (MSP) produced from the ablation and recondensation of meteoric material are believed to be the major kind of nuclei causing the formation of water ice particles in the mesopause of Earth at heights of 80-90 km. These so called NoctiLucent Clouds (NLC) are frequently detected during polar summer, whereas the microphysical nucleation process and subsequent growth on such small particles are understood only poorly. We produce charged nanometer sized (2-3 nm) MSP analogues in a microwave resonator and transfer them to a novel linear ion trap which allows us to trap the particles under typical mesospheric temperatures and H2O concentrations. The adsorption of H2O molecules on the particles surface followed by nucleation and growth can be examined by analyzing the mass distribution of the particles with a time-of-flight mass spectrometer as function of the residence time under supersaturated conditions. In this contribution we present such measurements for single positively as well as negatively charged particles which allow us to determine the desorption energy of water vapor on the investigated nanoparticles as well as the critical saturation needed to activate nucleation. ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Aerosolforschung (IMK-AAF)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Poster
Publikationsdatum 08.03.2016
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000076108
HGF-Programm 12.04.02 (POF III, LK 01) Cirrus Clouds
Veranstaltung 80. Jahrestagung der DPG und DPG-Frühjahrstagung der Sektion AMOP, Regensburg, 6.-11. März 2016
Schlagwörter Atmosphere - Laboratory Studies, Meteoric Smoke Particles, Heterogeneous Nucleation, Water Ice, Noctilucent Clouds
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
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