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Embroidered Copper Microwire Current Collector for Improved Cycling Performance of Silicon Anodes in Lithium-Ion Batteries

Breitung, Ben; Aguiló-Aguayo, Noemí; Bechtold, Thomas; Hahn, Horst; Janek, Jürgen; Brezesinski, Torsten

Si holds great promise as an alloying anode material for Li-ion batteries with improved energy density because of its high theoretical specific capacity and favorable operation voltage range. However, the large volume expansion of Si during electrochemical reaction with Li and the associated adverse effects strongly limit its prospect for application. Here, we report on the use of three-dimensional instead of flat current collectors for high-capacity Si anodes in an attempt to mitigate the loss of electrical contact of active electrode regions as a result of structural disintegration with cycling. The current collectors were produced by technical embroidery and consist of interconnected Cu wires of diameter <150 µm. In comparison to Si/Li cells using a conventional Cu foil current collector, the embroidered microwire network-based cells show much enhanced capacity and reversibility due to a higher degree of tolerance to cycling.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000076118
Veröffentlicht am 03.11.2017
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-13261-y
Zitationen: 3
Web of Science
Zitationen: 4
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Helmholtz-Institut Ulm (HIU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 12.10.2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2045-2322
KITopen-ID: 1000076118
HGF-Programm 37.01.01 (POF III, LK 01)
Fundamentals and Materials
Erschienen in Scientific reports
Band 7
Seiten 13010
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Schlagwörter Batteries; Composites
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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