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Denitrification, dehydration and ozone loss during the 2015/2016 Arctic winter

Khosrawi, F. 1; Kirner, O. 2; Sinnhuber, B.-M. 1; Johansson, S. ORCID iD icon 1; Höpfner, M. ORCID iD icon 1; Santee, M. L.; Froidevaux, L.; Ungermann, J.; Ruhnke, R. 1; Woiwode, W. 1; Oelhaf, H. 1; Braesicke, P. 1
1 Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung (IMK), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Steinbuch Centre for Computing (SCC), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract:
The 2015/2016 Arctic winter was one of the coldest stratospheric winters in recent years. A stable vortex formed by early December and the early winter was exceptionally cold. Cold pool temperatures dropped below the nitric acid trihydrate (NAT) existence temperature of about 195 K, thus allowing polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) to form. The low temperatures in the polar stratosphere persisted until early March, allowing chlorine activation and catalytic ozone destruction. Satellite observations indicate that sedimentation of PSC particles led to denitrification as well as dehydration of stratospheric layers. Model simulations of the 2015/2016 Arctic winter nudged toward European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) analysis data were performed with the atmospheric chemistry–climate model ECHAM5/MESSy Atmospheric Chemistry (EMAC) for the Polar Stratosphere in a Changing Climate (POLSTRACC) campaign. POLSTRACC is a High Altitude and Long Range Research Aircraft (HALO) mission aimed at the investigation of the structure, composition and evolution of the Arctic upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS). The chemical and physical processes involved in Arctic stratospheric ozone depletion, transport and mixing processes in the UTLS at high latitudes, PSCs and cirrus clouds are investigated. ... mehr


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000076328
Veröffentlicht am 08.01.2018
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-12893-2017
Scopus
Zitationen: 31
Web of Science
Zitationen: 31
Dimensions
Zitationen: 38
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Steinbuch Centre for Computing (SCC)
Universität Karlsruhe (TH) – Zentrale Einrichtungen (Zentrale Einrichtungen)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 01.11.2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1680-7316, 1680-7324
urn:nbn:de:swb:90-763284
KITopen-ID: 1000076328
HGF-Programm 12.04.03 (POF III, LK 01) Stratospheric Ozone and Climate Change
Erschienen in Atmospheric chemistry and physics
Verlag European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Band 17
Heft 21
Seiten 12893-12910
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
Scopus
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