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Lifestyle, habitat and farmers’ risk of exposure to tick bites in an endemic area of tick-borne diseases in Hungary

Li, S.; Juhász-Horváth, L.; Trájer, A.; Pintér, L.; Rounsevell, M. D. A.; Harrison, P. A.

Abstract:
Controlling tick bites on farmers is important to the management of tick-borne dis- eases and occupational health risks in agriculture. Based on an extensive household survey conducted between June and August 2015 with 219 farmers from western Hungary where tick-borne diseases are endemic, we analysed the pattern of farmers’ self-reported contacts with ticks and investigated the potential interactions between farmers, landscape and the risk of exposure to tick bites. We developed a lifestyle typology based on farmers’ socioeconomic profiles, farming objectives and time use patterns, and a habitat typology describing different configurations of tick habitats and agricultural areas in place of farming. We found no relationship between tick ex- posure risk and self-prevention. The lifestyle typology could be used to classify the risk of tick bites and the adoption of prevention measures into different levels, the difference between which could further be modified by the habitat typology. Our results suggest that (i) farmers who are frequently engaged in outdoor recreations and (ii) part-time and inexperienced farmers who have lower rat ... mehr


Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Fakultät für Physik (PHYSIK)
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Jahr 2017
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0931-1793, 1439-0450, 1863-1959, 1863-2378
KITopen ID: 1000076410
HGF-Programm 12.02.02; LK 01
Erschienen in Zoonoses and public health
Band 65
Heft 1
Seiten e248-e253
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 17.10.2017
Schlagworte exposure risk, farmer, habitat, lifestyle, tick bites, typology
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