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Disordered diffraction gratings tailored by shape-memory based wrinkling and their application to photovoltaics

Schauer, Senta 1; Schmager, Raphael 1,2; Hünig, Ruben 2; Ding, Kaining; Paetzold, Ulrich W. ORCID iD icon 1; Lemmer, Uli 1,2; Worgull, Matthias 1; Hölscher, Hendrik 1; Gomard, Guillaume 1,2
1 Institut für Mikrostrukturtechnik (IMT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Lichttechnisches Institut (LTI), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract (englisch):

Quasi-periodic surface wrinkles prepared by an all-polymer process are introduced for improved light harvesting. The wrinkles' diffractive properties, as well as their external and internal reflectance, are analyzed experimentally and numerically. By applying the surface wrinkles as a coating on planar heterojunction crystalline silicon solar cells, we demonstrate an increase in light absorption due to the improved in-coupling of the incoming photons and to the recapturing of some of the light reflected on the solar cell front side. Furthermore, surface wrinkles prevent glare effects that are commonly experienced with periodic diffraction gratings. The up-scalable wrinkling process allows the adjustment of the diffraction properties of our structures, which might be exploited for different photovoltaic technologies.

DOI: 10.1364/OME.8.000184
Zitationen: 12
Web of Science
Zitationen: 17
Zitationen: 20
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Mikrostrukturtechnik (IMT)
Universität Karlsruhe (TH) – Interfakultative Einrichtungen (Interfakultative Einrichtungen)
Karlsruhe School of Optics & Photonics (KSOP)
Lichttechnisches Institut (LTI)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 01.01.2018
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2159-3930
KITopen-ID: 1000078264
HGF-Programm 43.23.03 (POF III, LK 01) Teratronics
Erschienen in Optical materials express
Verlag Optica Publishing Group (OSA)
Band 8
Heft 1
Seiten 184-198
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