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Second-order motor planning in children: insights from a cup-manipulation-task

Wunsch, Kathrin; Weiss, Daniel J.; Schack, Thomas; Weigelt, Matthias

Abstract (englisch):

The present study examined the development of anticipatory motor planning in an object manipulation task that has been used to successfully demonstrate motor planning in non-human primates (Weiss et al. in Psychol Sci 18:1063-1068, 2007). Seventy-five participants from four different age groups participated in a cup-manipulation task. One group was preschool children (average age of 5.1 years), two groups were primary school children (7.7 and 9.8 years old respectively) and the final group was comprised of adults. The experimental task entailed reaching for a plastic cup that was vertically suspended in an apparatus in either upright or inverted orientation, removing the cup by its stem and then retrieving a small toy from the inside of the cup. When the cup was inverted in the apparatus, evidence for anticipatory motor planning could be achieved by initially gripping the stem using an inverted (thumb-down) grip posture. We found that when the cup was in upright orientation, all participants reached for the cup using an upright grip (i.e., thumb-up posture). However, when the cup was inverted in the apparatus, only adults consistently used an inverted grasping posture, though the percentage of inverted grips among participants did increase with age. ... mehr

DOI: 10.1007/s00426-014-0596-y
Zitationen: 19
Zitationen: 18
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 07.2015
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0033-3026, 0340-0727, 1430-2772
KITopen-ID: 1000079453
Erschienen in Psychological research
Verlag Springer
Band 79
Heft 4
Seiten 669-677
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 17.07.2014
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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